Why is there a flag symbol in kwashiorkor?

Why is there a flag symbol in kwashiorkor?

A peculiar change in hair color in which the hair becomes discolored in a band perpendicular to its long axis. This is seen in kwashiorkor and indicates a period of severe malnutrition.

What does flag sign mean in medical terms?

(flag) medical transcription Warning or caution by the transcriptionist to the author of a report, pointing out problems (e.g., missing date, dictation errors, equipment problems, or potentially inflammatory remarks).

Is moon face seen in kwashiorkor?

Marasmus is caused by a lack of protein and energy with sufferers appearing skeletally thin. In extreme cases, it can lead to kwashiorkor, in which malnutrition http://www.wfp.org/nutritioncauses swelling including a so-called ‘moon face’.

What are the signs and symptoms of kwashiorkor and marasmus?


Marasmus symptoms Kwashiorkor symptoms
weight loss an inability to grow or gain weight
dehydration edema, or swelling of the hands and feet
stomach shrinkage stomach bulging

Why do starving children’s stomachs stick out?

Kwashiorkor is a type of severe malnutrition that is most common in children. It occurs due to a lack of protein in the diet, which affects the balance and distribution of fluids in the body and often leads to a swollen belly. Effective treatment can usually reverse many of the signs and symptoms of kwashiorkor.

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What is the scientific name for kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor, also known as edematous malnutrition because of its association with edema (fluid retention), is a nutritional disorder most often seen in regions experiencing famine.

What is a flag sign?

The flag sign looks like a flag fluttering on top of a flagpole. Your non-dominant hand is flat, facing down, to signify the ground. You dominant hand waves back and forth, like a flag blowing in the window, while your forearm stands for the flagpole.

What does flag H mean on blood test?

For example, H next to a result may mean that it is higher than the reference range. L may mean low and WNL usually means within normal limits. Critical results. Those results that are dangerously abnormal must be reported immediately to the responsible person, such as the ordering physician.

What are clinical red flags?

Clinical flags are common to many areas of health for example, red flags are indicators of possible serious pathology such as inflammatory or neurological conditions, structural musculoskeletal damage or disorders, circulatory problems, suspected infections, tumours or systemic disease.

What disease causes moon face?

CS is most often due to a tumor or mass found in the pituitary gland, but can also be caused by tumors in the adrenal glands themselves. People with Cushing’s syndrome may see their face get round (moon face), they gain weight in unusual ways, bruise easily or feel weak, tired and sad.

Which of the following is a symptom of kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor is a condition resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and decreased immunity.

What is moon face a symptom of?

Moon facies occurs when extra fat builds up on the sides of the face. It is often related to obesity but can be from Cushing’s syndrome. That’s why people sometimes refer to it as a Cushingoid appearance. Cushing’s syndrome occurs when the body is exposed for long periods to high levels of a hormone called cortisol.

What are the symptoms of marasmus?

Symptoms of Marasmus

  • Weight loss.
  • Stunted growth.
  • Dry skin and eyes.
  • Brittle hair.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lower immunity.
  • Stomach infection and lactose intolerance.
  • Respiratory infections.

What is the main difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus?

Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein deficiency with adequate energy intake whereas marasmus is inadequate energy intake in all forms, including protein.

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What is marasmus disease give its causes and symptoms?

Symptoms of marasmus The main symptom of marasmus is being underweight. Children with this condition have lost a lot of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat. Subcutaneous fat is the layer of fat just under the skin. Dry skin and brittle hair are also symptoms of marasmus.

Why do malnourished children have large stomachs?

To understand the reasoning for this, it is important to know that in malnourishment, the rounded abdomen is not due to fat accumulation. Instead, the water retention and fluid buildup in the body cause the abdomen to expand. This results in a bloated, distended stomach or abdominal area.

Why do anorexics get bloated stomachs?

Edema (swelling): It is caused by hormonal changes brought on by starvation or by purging and is seen in both restricting and binge-purge subtype. Edema can also be seen as patients with anorexia begin to weight restore (refeeding edema).

Can not eating cause stomach bloating?

We’ve often skipped our meals to lose weight, but FYI, it’s a bad, bad idea! It’s not just unhealthy but also leads to severe bloating. Skipping meals signals our body to retain fats and water, so that we feel energised throughout the day! It is because of this that you feel bloated all the time.

What is PEM?

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is defined as an unintentional loss of 10% or more of body weight in a period of six months or less and/or serum albumin levels of less than 3.5 grams per decilitre (g/dl) (Hudson et al., 2000).

What causes the disorder called kwashiorkor?

The main cause of kwashiorkor is not eating enough protein or other essential vitamins and minerals. It’s most common in developing countries with a limited food supply, poor hygiene, and a lack of education about the importance of giving babies and children an adequate diet.

Where does the word kwashiorkor originate from?

The name is derived from the Ga language of coastal Ghana, translated as the sickness the baby gets when the new baby comes or the disease of the deposed child, and reflecting the development of the condition in an older child who has been weaned from the breast when a younger sibling comes.

What is flag sign in pediatrics?

The hair flag sign is characterized by alternating horizontal bands of hypopigmentation of the hair (in children with kwashiorkor type of protein-calorie malnutrition) or hyperpigmentation of the hair (in a male child who has intravenously received several cycles of high-dose methotrexate).

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Is a flag with words a sign?

The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing of any nature. The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.

Does the deaf community have a flag?

The logo, designed in 2003 by graphic design artist Ralph Fernandez, is a positive and powerful symbol of the international deaf sports community. It ties together strong elements: Sign language, deaf and international cultures, unity and continuity. … The flag used at the Deaflympics is their logo on a white background.

What is abnormal flag on Covid test?

My test has an abnormal flag, what does this mean? The normal value for a COVID test is not detected. If a test is detected then the result is considered abnormal because it is outside of the established normal reference range for the test. 2.

What does it mean if your chart is flagged?

A flag pattern, in technical analysis, is a price chart characterized by a sharp countertrend (the flag) succeeding a short-lived trend (the flag pole). … Flag patterns signify trend reversals or breakouts after a period of consolidation.

What does a flagged drug test mean?

Only those results outside the ‘reference range’ are flagged as abnormal. Implication: This means that when tests do not have an assigned reference range, or when that reference range is inaccurate, the lab test remains displayed in the ‘default state’ aka ‘normal’. A ‘false negative’ in the information display.

What are Red Flag symptoms of Covid 19?

Red flags concerning general symptoms included arthralgias, asthenia, chest pain, cough, cutaneous rash, diarrhea, dyspnea, emesis, expectoration, fever, generalized weakness, light-headedness, odynophagia, and rhinorrhea.

What are red flags in nursing?

‘Red flag events’ include patients not being provided with basic care such as pain relief or help to visit the bathroom. An appropriate response could be to provide more skilled nurses or increase numbers of staff.

What are red flags to any medical care plan?

A sign or symptom found during a patient history, systems review, or test & measure that may indicate a need for a referral to a physician.