What was the difference between Vichy France and Free France?

What was the difference between Vichy France and Free France?

Explain the difference between Vichy France and Free France. … Vichy France was a puppet government set up by the occupying German forces and Free France was the name for a group of French people that continued to fight the German occupation forces.

Who was the leader of Free France during ww2?

General Charles de Gaulle On June 28, 1940, General Charles de Gaulle, having set up headquarters in England upon the establishment of a puppet government in his native France, is recognized as the leader of the Free French Forces, dedicated to the defeat of Germany and the liberation of all France.

Who were the FFI?

The FFI were mostly composed of resistance fighters who used their own weapons, although many FFI units included former French soldiers. They used civilian clothing and wore an armband with the letters F.F.I.

Who Organised Free France movement?

In August 1944 the Free French 1st Army, under General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, took part in the Allies’ invasion of southern France, driving thence northeastward into Alsace before joining in the Western Allies’ final thrust into Germany.

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What side was Vichy France on?

Despite heavy pressure, the French government at Vichy never joined the Axis powers and even remained formally at war with Germany. Conversely, Vichy France became a collaborationist regime. … Vichy France.

Preceded by Succeeded by
French Third Republic Provisional Government of the French Republic

What was the free zone in France during WWII?

The zone libre The zone libre (French pronunciation: [zon lib], free zone) was a partition of the French metropolitan territory during World War II, established at the Second Armistice at Compigne on 22 June 1940.

Is Free France really free?

On 1 August 1943, L’Arme d’Afrique was formally united with the Free French Forces to form the French Liberation Army. … Free France.

Free France La France Libre
Historical era World War II
de Gaulle’s appeal 18 June 1940
formation of Empire Defense Council 11 July 1940
formation of French National Committee 24 September 1941

Why was France so useless in ww2?

France suffered a humiliating defeat and was quickly occupied by Germany. Its failure was a result of a hopelessly divided French political elite, a lack of quality military leadership, rudimentary French military tactics.

Why did Germany finally surrender?

Due to warring ideologies, tussles between the Soviet Union and its allies, and the legacy of the First World War, Germany actually surrendered twice. … Alfred Jodl, German chief of the operations staff of the Armed Forces High Command, signs an unconditional Act of Military Surrender and ceasefire on May 7, 1945.

Who led the French Resistance?

Jean Pierre Moulin Jean Pierre Moulin (French: [ mu. l]; 20 June 1899 8 July 1943) was a French civil servant who served as the first President of the National Council of the Resistance during World War II from 23 May 1943 until his death less than two months later. …

Jean Moulin
Parent(s) Antoine-mile Moulin Blanche lisabeth Pgue

What is the oldest city in France?

Marseille, the frontdoor of Provence Founded in 600 BC by the Greeks from Phocaea, Marseille is the oldest city in France and the second largest after Paris. The city is home to almost 900,000 people living in its 16 districts, most of which have held onto their authentic village atmosphere.

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How many died in the French Resistance?

An estimated 500,000 French men and women worked for the Resistance during Germany’s occupation of France. Resistance workers carried out thousands of acts of sabotage against the German occupiers. The risks were great. More than 90,000 resisters were killed, tortured or deported by the Germans.

What were the 3 main Theatres of WWII?


  • 2.1.1 Nordic Front.
  • 2.1.2 Western Front.
  • 2.1.3 Eastern Front.

What is the La Croix de Lorraine?

The Cross of Lorraine (French: Croix de Lorraine), known as Cross of Anjou in the 16th century, is a heraldic two-barred cross, consisting of a vertical line crossed by two shorter horizontal bars.

How many free French landed on D-Day?

Most of the 3,058 French military who took part in D-Day were on the 12 Free French navy ships, including two cruisers and to destroyers, who provided cover for the troops. There were also 227 airmen, and 12 of them died on June 6.

What does Vichy mean in French?

Vichynoun. a town in central France (south of Paris) noted for hot mineral springs; was capital of the unoccupied part of France during World War II.

Why didn’t Germany invade all of France?

The illusion of legitimacy created by Petain’s government greatly delayed the need to send significant German occupation forces to the south of France for anti-partisan and subjugation duties. The drain on manpower was far less severe as a result, and Nazi Germany required every formations they could on the Ost front.

Why did Germany occupy Vichy France?

Publicly, Petain declared that Germany and France had a common goal, the defeat of England. Privately, the French general hoped that by playing mediator between the Axis power and his fellow countrymen, he could keep German troops out of Vichy France while surreptitiously aiding the antifascist Resistance movement.

What city was bombed for 57 straight nights?

London On September 7, 1940, 300 German bombers raid London, in the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing. This bombing blitzkrieg (lightning war) would continue until May 1941. After the successful occupation of France, it was only a matter of time before the Germans turned their sights across the Channel to England.

Who were the big three?

In World War II, the three great Allied powersGreat Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Unionformed a Grand Alliance that was the key to victory.

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Why did the 4th Republic fail?

The trigger for the collapse of the Fourth Republic was the Algiers crisis of 1958. France was still a colonial power, although conflict and revolt had begun the process of decolonization.

How can I learn French free?

Here are a couple popular ways to learn French for free:

  1. Online courses, software, and apps.
  2. Language exchange/tandem learning with a native speaker.
  3. Media resources like podcasts, TV shows and movies.
  4. Library books and public resources.
  5. Immersion learning.

Who ruled France after WWII?

Charles de Gaulle
In office 3 June 1944 26 January 1946
Preceded by Philippe Ptain (Chief of the French State) Pierre Laval (Chief of the Government)
Succeeded by Flix Gouin
Leader of Free France

Who led Vichy France?

Marshal Philippe Ptain Vichy France, formally French State, French tat Franais, (July 1940September 1944), France under the regime of Marshal Philippe Ptain from the Nazi German defeat of France to the Allied liberation in World War II.

What if France did not surrender?

Did the British abandon the French at Dunkirk?

While more than 330,000 Allied troops were rescued, British and French military forces nonetheless sustained heavy casualties and were forced to abandon nearly all their equipment; around 16,000 French soldiers and 1,000 British soldiers died during the evacuation.

Why did the French army surrender?

France surrendered to the Nazis in 1940 for complex reasons. The proximate cause, of course, was the success of the German invasion, which left metropolitan France at the mercy of Nazi armies.

When did World War 3 end?

World War III (often abbreviated to WWIII or WW3), also known as the Third World War or the ACMF/NATO War, was a global war that lasted from October 28, 2026, to November 2, 2032. A majority of nations, including most of the world’s great powers, fought on two sides consisting of military alliances.

Who surrendered first in ww2?

Allied Victory Italy was the first Axis partner to give up: it surrendered to the Allies on September 8, 1943, six weeks after leaders of the Italian Fascist Party deposed Fascist leader and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.