What ligament attaches to the medial epicondyle of the femur?

What ligament attaches to the medial epicondyle of the femur?

(tibial) collateral ligament The medial epicondyle is more prominent and provides attachment for the medial (tibial) collateral ligament (MCL).

What does the medial epicondyle of the femur articulate with?

Similarly, the smooth region of the distal and posterior medial femur is the medial condyle of the femur, and the irregular outer, medial side of this is the medial epicondyle of the femur. The lateral and medial condyles articulate with the tibia to form the knee joint.

Is the femur medial or lateral?

The medial condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of femur, the other being the lateral condyle. …

Medial condyle of femur
Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments.
Latin Condylus medialis femoris

What bones have a medial epicondyle?

The medial epicondyle of the humerus is an epicondyle of the humerus bone of the upper arm in humans. It is larger and more prominent than the lateral epicondyle and is directed slightly more posteriorly in the anatomical position.

What does MCL pain feel like?

MCL injuries hurt. Most people feel pain along the inside edge of the knee, and they also have swelling. You might hear a pop when the damage to the knee takes place, and your knee may lurch to the side. You may find it hard to walk, or feel like you can’t put pressure on the leg with the hurt knee.

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What muscles attach to the medial epicondyle knee?

The vastus medialis obliquus muscle courses over the anteromedial thigh, attaching along the adductor magnus anterior border and to the quadratus femoris tendon. The medial gastrocnemius tendon arises proximal and posterior to the gastrocnemius tubercle of the medial femoral condyle.

What is the medial femoral?

The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.

What is the function of the medial condyle?

The medial condyle presents posteriorly a deep transverse groove, for the insertion of the tendon of the Semimembranosus. Its medial surface is convex, rough, and prominent; it gives attachment to the tibial collateral ligament.

What is the function of the medial and lateral condyles of the femur?

The medial and lateral femoral condyles articulate with the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia to form the knee joint. The knee is comprised of three bones, the femur, patella, and tibia. As mentioned previously, the knee is the most weight-bearing joint in the human body making it highly susceptible to injury.

Where is the medial epicondyle of the femur?

The medial epicondyle of the femur is an epicondyle, a bony protrusion, located on the medial side of the femur at its distal end. Located above the medial condyle, it bears an elevation, the adductor tubercle, which serves for the attachment of the superficial part, or tendinous insertion, of the adductor magnus.

Where is the lateral epicondyle of the femur?

The lateral epicondyle, smaller and less prominent than the medial, gives attachment to the fibular collateral ligament of the knee-joint. Directly below it is a small depression from which a smooth well-marked groove curves obliquely upward and backward to the posterior extremity of the condyle.

What is the difference between epicondyle and condyle?

The condyle is smooth and round whereas epicondyle is rough. Epicondyle is a projection on the condyle. The main difference between condyle and epicondyle is that condyle forms an articulation with another bone. whereas epicondyle provides sites for the attachment of muscles.

Is medial epicondyle a tendon?

The flexor carpi radialis and the pronator teres are the most commonly involved tendons in medial epicondylitis. The medial epicondyle also serves at the origin of the ulnar (or medial) collateral ligament (UCL). The common flexor tendon and UCL provide stability to flexion and valgus forces at the elbow.

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What does medial malleolus mean?

You probably know the medial malleolus as the bump that protrudes on the inner side of your ankle. It’s actually not a separate bone, but the end of your larger leg bone the tibia, or shinbone. The medial malleolus is the largest of the three bone segments that form your ankle.

What originates at the medial epicondyle?

The medial epicondyle is the common origin of the forearm flexor and pronator muscles. The most common site of pathology is the interface between the pronator teres and the flexor carpi radialis origins.

How can I tell if I tore my MCL?

What are symptoms of tears in the medial collateral ligament?

  1. Pain, which can range from mild to severe.
  2. Stiffness.
  3. Swelling.
  4. Tenderness along the inside of the knee.
  5. A feeling that the injured knee may give way under stress or may lock or catch.

Can you still walk with a torn MCL?

If the MCL or ACL tears, the result is usually pain, swelling, stiffness, and instability. In most cases, the injured person can still walk with the torn knee ligament. But the movement will be severely limited, not to mention painful. Surgery may be the best route to a pain-free life, with amazing success rates.

How do you sleep with a torn MCL?

To help find a comfortable sleep position, try using a pillow to support the painful parts. You can put the pillow: between your knees, if you sleep on your side. under your knees, if you sleep on your back.

Why are medial knee injuries more common?

The MCL is injured more often than the LCL. Due to the more complex anatomy of the outside of the knee, if you injure your LCL, you usually injure other structures in the joint, as well.

Why is the medial knee more prone to injury?

Although once perceived as an unimportant vestigial structure, the menisci of the knee are now known to be a common source of knee pain and disability. The medial meniscus is more vulnerable to injury to due to its intimate attachment to the medial collateral ligament.

What is linea aspera?

The linea aspera is the rough, longitudinal, irregular crest on the posterior surface of the shaft of the femur. It is formed by the joining of lateral and medial lips, which may be separated by up to 10 mm [1]. It is divided distally into medial and lateral supracondylar ridges.

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What is humerus epicondyle?

Anatomical terms of bone The lateral epicondyle of the humerus is a large, tuberculated eminence, curved a little forward, and giving attachment to the radial collateral ligament of the elbow joint, and to a tendon common to the origin of the supinator and some of the extensor muscles.

What is the medial compartment of knee?

The medial compartment is the side of your knee closest to the other knee. The lateral compartment is on the other side of your knee. Osteoarthritis most often shows up first in the medial compartment of your knee.

What is the medial of the knee?

The inside of your knee, also called the medial knee or the medial compartment, is the area of the knee that’s closest to your opposite knee. Medial knee pain typically occurs because of a deterioration of cartilage.

What is the meaning of medial condyle?

Medical Definition of medial condyle : a condyle on the inner side of the lower extremity of the femur also : a corresponding eminence on the upper part of the tibia that articulates with the medial condyle of the femur compare lateral condyle.

When the femur is vertical the medial condyle?

Leg, patella, femur

Question Answer
When the femur is vertical, the medial condyle is lower than the lateral condyle. How many degrees difference is there between the two? 5-7 degrees
Posteriorly, the femoral condyles are separated by a deep depression called the: intercondylar fossa

What is the epicondyle area?

The elbow joint is made up of the bone in the upper arm (the humerus) and one of the bones in the lower arm (ulna). The bony prominences, or bumps, at the bottom of the humerus are called the epicondyles. The bump on the outer side of the elbow is called the lateral epicondyle.

What is the purpose of the medial curve of the femur bones?

The femur sits within the anterior compartment. Anterior compartment is composed of muscles that are mainly used for hip flexion and knee extension. Hip flexors include pectineus, iliopsoas, and sartorius muscle. Medial compartment’s function is mainly leg adduction.

Is the medial femoral condyle part of the knee?

The medial (inner) part of the femur (called the medial femoral condyle) makes contact with the medial part of the tibia and is referred to as the medial knee joint compartment.