Curcuma longa Turmeric / Scientific names Turmeric is a product of Curcuma longa, a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the ginger family Zingiberaceae, which is native to tropical South Asia. As many as 133 species of Curcuma have been identified worldwide (Table 13.2).
Table of Contents
What is the common name of Curcuma?
1 Curcuma longa (family: Zingiberaceae, common name: turmeric) Curcuma is a perennial shrub found throughout India.
Are Curcuma perennials?
Curcuma is a genus of mostly tropical herbaceous perennials that have large Canna-like foliage and pine cone-shaped flowers. Depending on the species the flowers may emerge before the foliage, and in other species, the foliage may emerge first. The plant size can range from 2 to over 7 feet tall.
Which part of Curcuma is used as drug?
Curcumin is a major isolated polyphenol from the rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has a wide range of pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumor, and hepatoprotective activities.
What zone is Curcuma?
Winter hardy to USDA Zones 8-11 where it is easily grown in organically rich, fertile, consistently moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best with morning sun and some afternoon shade. Plants like hot summers and high humidity.
What is the meaning of Curcuma Longa?
Noun. 1. Curcuma longa – widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye. Curcuma domestica, turmeric. turmeric – ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning.
What is the chromosome number of turmeric?
63 Cultivated turmeric is triploid (2n =63) with a basic chromosome number X= 21.
What is the botanical name of ginger?
Zingiber officinale Ginger / Scientific names Zingiber officinale, known as common ginger, is a rhizomatous perennial thought to be native to Southeast Asia but widely cultivated throughout the tropics since antiquity.
Is curcumin same as turmeric?
Turmeric and curcumin are the same thing. If you said false, you are correct. Still, many consumers are confused. People talk about using turmeric as if it’s the answer to how to achieve the type of results shown in scientific curcumin studies.
Are all Curcuma edible?
A: Curcuma is a genus of plants in the ginger family, but it is not edible. Curcumas may be kept indoors in a pot or planted in the ground in a shady, moist location.
What is the synonym of Curcuma?
|Curcuma soloensis Valeton||Synonym||WCSP|
|Curcuma tinctoria Guibourt||Synonym||WCSP|
|Kua domestica Medik. [Illegitimate]||Synonym||WCSP|
|Stissera curcuma Giseke||Synonym||WCSP|
Why is my curcuma plant dying?
Curcumas don’t make for great houseplants because they naturally go dormant (lose their leaves and flowers) when the days get short. So while you can display it in a bright window during the summer months, come fall, the plant will appear to die back and you’ll be left with an empty pot until late spring.
Is curcuma indoor or outdoor plant?
As a tropical houseplant, Curcuma can be brought outdoors during the Summer months and placed in full sun or partial shade. Keep soil evenly moist and ensure proper drainage. If growing Curcuma outside, be sure to bring your tropical plant indoors before cool temperatures arrive.
Does curcuma like full sun?
Grow curcuma in sun or shade. In full sun, especially in hot climates, it’s helpful to keep curcuma moist. If your soil tends to dry out much, it’s best to grow curcuma in partial shade. This summer-blooming flower holds up to dry conditions fairly well when its grown in the shade.
Is turmeric bad for kidneys?
Side effects of Turmeric Turmeric contains oxalates and this can increase the risk of kidneys stones. “The consumption of supplemental doses of turmeric can significantly increase urinary oxalate levels, thereby increasing risk of kidney stone formation in susceptible individuals.”
Can turmeric cure pimples?
Due to its anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties, turmeric helps in preventing breakouts and also heal existing acne. In addition to being a great natural exfoliant, turmeric is high in antioxidants, which can help slow down your skin’s natural aging processes.
Does turmeric make poop?
A pilot study conducted in 2004 found that human participants with IBS who took 2 tablets of turmeric every day for 8 weeks reported reductions in abdominal discomfort and improved bowel movement patterns.
How long do Curcuma flowers last?
During mid-summer, dense spikes of clustered flowers grace the plant. These mildly-fragrant flowers last for three weeks. Once the flowering period is over, the turmeric becomes dormant. The heat-loving turmeric is usually cultivated in nursery pots from rhizomes planted in early spring.
How do you grow Curcuma indoors?
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a tropical plant in the same family as ginger. … Caring for Growing Plants
- Keep things light and warm. Check on your pots every few days and once the sprouts start to emerge, move the pots to a windowsill or under a grow light. …
- Water as needed. …
- Transplant to larger pots. …
- Move plants outside.
What is Curcuma longa for?
Curcuma longa L., is commonly used as a spice in curries, food additive and also, as a dietary pigment. It has also been used to treat various illnesses in the Indian subcontinent from the ancient times.
What is Capilia Longa?
Capilia Longa is an all-natural and plant-based hair growth formula, made completely from the plant Curcuma Longa. … It works to moisturize the hair as well as promoting new hair growth. Turmeric also treats dandruff, increases circulation in the scalp, and helps to prevent hair loss.
What is Curcuma rhizome?
Curcuma longa rhizomes are dried and ground into the spice turmeric which gives curry powder its distinct yellow color and odor. Turmeric has several purported medicinal uses including reducing inflammation, lowering blood pressure, slowing down Alzheimer’s disease, and relieving pain.
What is the chromosome number of ginger?
22 Chromosome number of giant ginger and small ginger are 2n=2x=30, while red ginger is 2n=2x=22. Giant ginger has R= 3,109, Red ginger has R = 3,206 and small ginger has R = 4,065.
What is the chromosome number of black pepper?
Black pepper (Piper nigrum, 2n = 52), known as the ‘King of Spices’, is one of the oldest and most widely used seasonings in the world.
What is the chromosome number of garlic?
= 16 and garlic (A. sativum) are diploids with 2n = 16, and are known only in the cultivated forms.
What is the botanical name of cabbage?
Brassica oleracea var. capitata Cabbage / Scientific names Brassica oleracea (Capitata Group), commonly known as cabbage, is a cool weather vegetable that is grown for harvest of its edible leaves.