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What is the medial tibial plateau?
The tibial plateau is a bony surface on the top of the lower leg (shin) bone that connects with the thigh bone (femur). The medial tibial plateau is the surface on the side corresponding to your big toe, whereas the lateral tibial plateau is on the side corresponding to your pinky toe.
What is the meaning of medial femoral condyle?
Medical Definition of medial condyle : a condyle on the inner side of the lower extremity of the femur also : a corresponding eminence on the upper part of the tibia that articulates with the medial condyle of the femur compare lateral condyle.
What is the medial condyle of the tibia?
The medial condyle is the medial (or inner) portion of the upper extremity of tibia. It is the site of insertion for the semimembranosus muscle.
How do you fix a medial tibial plateau fracture?
Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the gold standard treatment for these fractures. Complex articular fractures can be treated by ring external fixators and minimally-invasive osteosynthesis (EFMO) or by ORIF.
What causes tibial plateau pain?
Tibial plateau fractures are serious injuries, and are common in high-impact sports like football, rugby and basketball. Twisting motions and motor vehicle accidents can also cause a tibial plateau injury.
Can I bend my knee with a tibial plateau fracture?
It is common for an active person with a tibial plateau fracture to require surgery to line up the bone and hold it with a plate and screws. In many cases after these surgeries, we allow the patient to bend the knee right away, although we often do not allow weight bearing.
What is the function of the medial condyle?
The medial condyle presents posteriorly a deep transverse groove, for the insertion of the tendon of the Semimembranosus. Its medial surface is convex, rough, and prominent; it gives attachment to the tibial collateral ligament.
Where is medial condyle?
femur Anatomical terms of bone The medial condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of femur, the other being the lateral condyle. The medial condyle is larger than the lateral (outer) condyle due to more weight bearing caused by the centre of mass being medial to the knee.
What is femoral condyle defect?
A chondral defect refers to damage to the articular cartilage located at the end of bones. Specific to the knee joint, damage can occur at the distal end of the femur (thigh bone), the proximal tibia (lower leg bone), or the posterior aspect of the patella (knee cap).
How long does it take to recover from a tibial plateau fracture?
Depending on health and injury pattern this bone can take 3-4 months to heal without surgery. Physical therapy for knee range of motion is started around 6 weeks once bone has healed enough to prevent displacement with motion.
Where is the medial femoral condyle of the knee?
femur Bones of the Knee Joint The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.
What attaches to the medial femoral condyle?
From its origin, the posterior cruciate ligament travels anterior and slightly medial where it is joined by one or two cords from the lateral meniscus (the anterior and posterior menisco-femoral ligaments (or the ligament of Humphrey and the ligament of Riesburg respectively) to attach the medial condyle of the femur …
Can you fully recover from a tibial plateau fracture?
The length of time it takes to recover from a tibial plateau fracture depends on the severity of the fracture and your overall health. Most fractures take 4 months to completely heal. In more severe cases, it can take up to 6 months.
Can you walk after a tibial plateau fracture?
After you break your tibial plateau it will be very painful, and you will most likely not be able to walk on it. You will likely need to go to an emergency room because of the pain.
Do they cast a tibial plateau fracture?
Tibial Plateau Fracture Care For fractures that have not shifted, surgery may not be needed. The most common non-surgical treatment is a short leg, non-weightbearing cast or a hinged knee brace, combined with physical therapy and rest.
How do you sleep with a tibial plateau fracture?
Invest in a specialized pillow, like a body pillow, for elevationkeeping the broken bone above your heart prevents blood from pooling and causing swelling. Try sleeping on your back first while propped up on a few pillows. If that doesn’t work, slowly adjust yourself to a side position if possible.
How do you know if you have a tibial plateau fracture?
A tibial plateau fracture is diagnosed after a physical examination of the knee and leg as well as imaging tests that may include X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans. Imaging tests allow the physician to identify the exact location of the fracture and determine whether the fracture is considered displaced.
What does a tibial plateau stress fracture feel like?
Symptoms of a Tibial Plateau Fracture Pain On Bearing Weight. Typically, the injured individual is most aware of a painful inability to put weight on the affected extremity. Tenseness Around the Knee; Limited Bending. The knee may feel and appear tense, owing to bleeding within the joint.
How do you shower with a tibial plateau fracture?
It is ok to shower or sponge bathe 2 days after surgery but you must keep your knee clean and dry. This usually entails keeping your leg outside the shower, using saran wrap or a large plastic bag to protect your wounds.
Is tibial plateau surgery painful?
After tibial plateau fracture surgery you will experience pain, swelling, stiffness and decreased range of movement in your knee. You will also experience a reduction in muscle strength and control in the post operative period.
How do you break your tibial plateau?
Most tibial plateau fractures are a result of trauma to the leg, such as:
- a fall from height.
- a motor vehicle accident.
- injuries from sports such as football or skiing.
What is a femoral condyle?
The femoral condyles are located on the end of the thigh bone, or the femur. They are covered by articular cartilage and function as a shock absorber for the knee.
Where is the medial femoral?
The medial epicondyle of the femur is an epicondyle, a bony protrusion, located on the medial side of the femur at its distal end. …
|Medial epicondyle of the femur|
|Anatomical terms of bone|
What is the function of the medial and lateral condyles of the femur?
The medial and lateral femoral condyles articulate with the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia to form the knee joint. The knee is comprised of three bones, the femur, patella, and tibia. As mentioned previously, the knee is the most weight-bearing joint in the human body making it highly susceptible to injury.
What is knee condyle?
A condyle (/kndl/ or /kndal/; Latin: condylus, from Greek: kondylos; knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone. It is one of the markings or features of bones, and can refer to: On the femur, in the knee joint: Medial condyle.
Does chondral defect need surgery?
The choice of treatment will depend on the size of the defect, its location, and the patient’s goals. Chondral defects are difficult to treat and can sometimes require surgical repair if all conservative measures have failed.
What is a osteochondral injury at the medial femoral condyle?
Osteochondral defect. An osteochondral defect of the femoral condyle () may be the result of several acute and chronic conditions that produce a surface deformity with a localized defect of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone.
How do you fix a chondral defect?
Several types of transplants have been described, including taking small plugs of bone and cartilage from other locations in the knee and filling this defect. Often what is required is the use of a fresh donor graft of bone and cartilage that is specifically matched to the size and dimensions of the defect.