What is the medial femoral epicondyle?

What is the medial femoral epicondyle?

The medial epicondyle of the femur is an epicondyle, a bony protrusion, located on the medial side of the femur at its distal end. Located above the medial condyle, it bears an elevation, the adductor tubercle, which serves for the attachment of the superficial part, or tendinous insertion, of the adductor magnus.

What muscles attach to medial epicondyle of femur?

The medial epicondyle is situated below and anterior to the adductor tubercle. It also provides attachment for the tendon of adductor magnus muscle as well as the tibial collateral ligament (supporting structure connecting the tibia to the femur).

What is the medial femoral?

The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.

What attaches to medial epicondyle of knee?

The medial epicondyle is more prominent and provides attachment for the medial (tibial) collateral ligament (MCL).

What does the medial femoral condyle do?

The medial femoral condyle has an extra segment which is the cause for the passive rotation of the knee joint.

What is the difference between epicondyle and condyle?

The condyle is smooth and round whereas epicondyle is rough. Epicondyle is a projection on the condyle. The main difference between condyle and epicondyle is that condyle forms an articulation with another bone. whereas epicondyle provides sites for the attachment of muscles.

See also  How many chiral carbons are in the structure of ibuprofen?

When the femur is vertical the medial condyle?

Leg, patella, femur

Question Answer
When the femur is vertical, the medial condyle is lower than the lateral condyle. How many degrees difference is there between the two? 5-7 degrees
Posteriorly, the femoral condyles are separated by a deep depression called the: intercondylar fossa

Is the medial femoral condyle part of the knee?

The medial (inner) part of the femur (called the medial femoral condyle) makes contact with the medial part of the tibia and is referred to as the medial knee joint compartment.

Is femur and femoral the same?

Your thighbone (femur) is the longest and strongest bone in your body. Because the femur is so strong, it usually takes a lot of force to break it. Motor vehicle collisions, for example, are the number one cause of femur fractures. The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft.

Where is the medial femoral condyle located?

knee The medial femoral condyle is located on the inside part of the knee whereas the lateral femoral condyle, which is bigger, is located on the outside part of the knee.

Where is the femoral Trochlea located?

The trochlea of the femur or thigh bone is a bony structure located on the femur’s distal end, and part of the patellofemoral articulation that also encompasses the anterior section of the intercondylar fossa. It provides a channel-like groove or surface for the attachment of leg bones together.

Where is the femoral head located?

thigh bone Anatomical terms of bone The femoral head (femur head or head of the femur) is the highest part of the thigh bone (femur). It is supported by the femoral neck.

Will my MCL ever heal?

As previously noted, recovery times vary widely, but in general: A grade 1 (minor) MCL tear can take from a few days to a week and a half to heal enough for a return to normal activities, including sports. A grade 2 tear can take from two to four weeks to heal.

How do you make your MCL heal faster?

Resting the knee after an MCL tear can help speed up healing. People should avoid contact sports and movement that puts too much strain on the MCL until the injury heals fully. This can help to prevent further damage. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.

See also  What is infiltrative process?

What does MCL pain feel like?

MCL injuries hurt. Most people feel pain along the inside edge of the knee, and they also have swelling. You might hear a pop when the damage to the knee takes place, and your knee may lurch to the side. You may find it hard to walk, or feel like you can’t put pressure on the leg with the hurt knee.

Does a femoral condyle fracture require surgery?

Isolated coronal fracture of medial femoral condyle with intact lateral femoral condyle is extremely rare [, ,], caused by a direct impact on the flexed knee during weight bearing [3]. Surgery is the gold standard for displaced fractures or to enable rapid return of knee function.

How long does a medial femoral condyle fracture take to heal?

Medial Femoral Condyle Fracture Study Results Their fractures were fixated using screws and most patients made a full recovery in a few months. The average time for a complete union of the fracture was around 4.5 months. Most patients did not suffer any loss of function, including mobility loss, in the injured limb.

What causes a femoral condyle fracture?

Osteochondral fractures of lateral femoral condyle are common in adolescents and young adults. They are usually caused by direct trauma or twisting injuries of the knee.

Why is the medial epicondyle called the funny bone?

The medial epicondyle protects the ulnar nerve, which runs in a groove on the back of this epicondyle. … Striking the medial epicondyle causes a tingling sensation in the ulnar nerve. This response is known as striking the funny bone.

What is the function of the condyle?

Condyle – Refers to a large prominence, which often provides structural support to the overlying hyaline cartilage. It bears the brunt of the force exerted from the joint. Examples include the knee joint (hinge joint), formed by the femoral lateral and medial condyles, and the tibial lateral and medial condyles.

Which bones have condyle?

It is one of the markings or features of bones, and can refer to:

  • On the femur, in the knee joint: Medial condyle. …
  • On the tibia, in the knee joint: Medial condyle. …
  • On the humerus, in the elbow joint: …
  • On the mandible, in the temporomandibular joint: …
  • On the occipital bone, in the atlanto-occipital joint:

Where does the distal end of your thigh connect?

femur Below the lesser trochanter is the gluteal tuberosity, which is where the gluteus maximus is attached. The main shaft of the femur is known as the body of the femur. The distal end of the femur is where it connects with the patella (knee cap) and the bones of the lower leg, the tibia, and fibula.

See also  What is the size of keratin?

Which condyle is more prominent in femur?

lateral condyle Anatomical terms of bone The lateral condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of the femur. The other one is the medial condyle. The lateral condyle is the more prominent and is broader both in its front-to-back and transverse diameters.

Is the femoral head at the proximal or distal end of the bone?

The rounded, proximal end is the head of the femur, which articulates with the acetabulum of the hip bone to form the hip joint. The fovea capitis is a minor indentation on the medial side of the femoral head that serves as the site of attachment for the ligament of the head of the femur.

What kind of tissue is worn down in arthritis?

Understanding Cartilage, Joints, and the Aging Process. A lifetime of walking, exercising, and moving can take a toll on your cartilage the smooth, shiny, white connective tissue that covers the ends of bones. The degeneration of this cartilage may lead to arthritis and result in chronic inflammation of your joints.

What anatomical structure attaches to the medial femoral condyle?

The adductor magnus and medial gastrocnemius tendons also contribute to the medial anatomy of the knee; both attach on the medial femoral condyle.

Can a femur fracture heal without surgery?

It is unusual for femoral shaft fractures to be treated without surgery. Very young children are sometimes treated with a cast. Most femur fractures are fixed within 24 to 48 hours. Sometimes it will be delayed until other life-threatening injuries or unstable medical conditions are stabilized.

Is breaking your femur the worst pain?

Your femur is located in your thigh, running from your hip to your knee. It’s long and strong and hurts like heck when you break it. In addition to being one of the most painful breaks, a broken femur can damage the large arteries in the leg and cause severe bleeding.

Can you fully recover from a broken femur?

Full recovery from a femur fracture can take anywhere from 12 weeks to 12 months. But you are not alone. Most people experiencing a femur fracture can begin walking with the help of a physical therapist in the first day or two after injury and/or surgery.