What is modular operation Theatre?

What is modular operation Theatre?

Modular Operation theatre is a modern concept of operation theatre where all modern technology introduced to provide best possible surgical care to the patient. This covers OT table with laminar air flow, purifies air within the OT through AHU and HEPA filter. … No Compromise on Quality Highly of surgical care.

What is modular OT complex?

A constant flow of extremely clean ‘bacteria-free’ air is reticulated below positive pressure into the working field and air pollutants produced during surgery are removed from the site. … Operation Theater with anti-bacterial paint has minimum durability of 15 years.

How many zones are there in operation Theatre?

four zones OT should be divided into four zones named protective, clean, aseptic and disposal zones. Proper ventilation, air circulation, temperature, maintenance of sterile environment in operation theatres plays key role in prevention of such infections.

What is the aims of planning of Operation Theatre?

The objective is to minimize the total operating cost while maximizing the utilization of the operating rooms but also minimizing overtime use.

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What is laminar flow in OT?

This is described as an entire body of air within a designated space (theatre suite) moving with uniform velocity in a single direction along parallel flow lines.

What are the instruments used in Operation Theatre?

Instruments used in general surgery

Instrument class Uses
surgical Pinzette Grasping/holding
Dermatome To take off a top layer of skin to implant over another area.
Forceps, Dissecting Grasping/holding. Usually used in skin closure or small wounds
Forceps, Tissue Grasping/holding tissue

What is protective zone in OT?

Protective Zone: It is the outermost entry/exit zone of the OT complex. It includes: (a) Changing rooms for OT staff (doctors, nursing staff and other support staff). (c) Store room for sterile equipment and consumables.

What is sterilization in operation Theatre?

Sterilization means eradicating germs completely, which is not 100% possible in an operation theater. The sources of bacterial contamination are from air and the environment, infected body fluids, patients, articles, equipment etc.

What are the different types of operating rooms?

There are several types of operating rooms depending on the type of surgery being performed. There are General, Orthopedic, Neuro, Spine, Urology, and Cardiac/Thoracic. The reason for having different types of operating rooms is that different procedures require different equipment and personnel.

Why do surgeons wear green?

It came to the point that during surgery, doctors began to get headaches from staring at the white scrubs of their colleagues for too long. In 1914, one influential doctor switched to green scrubs when operating because he thought it would be easier on his eyes.

What is the temperature in operating room?

The recommended temperature range in an operating room is between 68F and 75F. Collaborate with infection prevention, and facility engineers when determining temperature ranges.

What is an ideal operation Theatre?

One for each OT is required, ideally each is a duplicate of the other in each floor5. … It should provide space for anaesthetic trolleys and equipment and should be located with direct access to circulation corridors and ready access to the operating room.

What is the function of operation Theatre?

An operating theatre is where certain invasive surgical procedures which means operations that involve cutting into and working inside a patient’s body – take place.

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What is OT technique?

Operating Theatre Techniques describes the principles and techniques of operating theater nursing that correlate with different teaching programs and varied practices.

What are the 3 origins of Theatre?

The theatre of ancient Greece consisted of three types of drama: tragedy, comedy, and the satyr play. The origins of theatre in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle (384322 BCE), the first theoretician of theatre, are to be found in the festivals that honoured Dionysus.

What is HEPA filter in operation Theatre?

For orthopaedic and other implant surgery, laminar-flow systems are used with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters where particles >/=0.3 microm are removed. The use of ultra-clean air has been shown to reduce infection rates significantly in orthopaedic implant surgery.

How are the operation Theatre ventilated?

The displacement ventilation method introduced supply air through several diffusers distributed over the ceiling, leading to a low-turbulence downward displacement of air over the entire room. The exhaust air was discharged through low-level ports distributed around the room periphery.

Is laminar flow positive pressure?

Laminar air flow principles and Laminar air flow systems are commonly used in cleanrooms, positive and negative pressure rooms and other sensitive controlled environments. … Laminar air flow systems are usually cabinet-based, but may be designed to be a booth or work bench or even a room as well.

What are surgical tools called?

Types of Surgical Instruments Cutting instruments include scissors, surgical blades, knives and scalpels. Grasping or holding instruments include hemostatic forceps and tissue forceps.

What are doctors scissors called?

Surgical scissors are surgical instruments usually used for cutting. They include bandage scissors, dissecting scissors, iris scissors, operating scissors, stitch scissors, tenotomy scissors, Metzenbaum scissors, plastic surgery scissors and Mayo scissors. Surgical scissors are usually made of stainless steel.

What are the different types of forceps?

Other types of forceps include:

  • Alligator forceps.
  • Anesthesia forceps.
  • Artery forceps.
  • Atraumatic forceps.
  • Biopsy forceps.
  • Bone-cutting forceps.
  • Bone-reduction forceps.
  • Bone-holding forceps.

What is fumigation in OT?

Fumigation Fumigation is a process of gaseous sterilisation which is used for killing of micro-organisms and prevention of microbial growth in air, surface of wall or floor. It is generally used in the pharmaceuticals, operation theatres, hospitals, hotels and offices and wherever required.

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What are the three zones of OT?

The OT has three different zones as follows:

  • The Outer Zone or the Outermost protective zone.
  • The Inner Zone or the Clean zone.
  • The Innermost Zone or the Aseptic Zone or the Sterile Zone.

What is clean zone in OT?

Clean Zone: This zone is only accessible to staff having changed their outer clothing in the protective zone and prepared patients transferred from the ward trolley to OT stretcher, and clean supplies. ‘Patient holding and preparation area’ is earmarked in the clean zone.

What are the disinfectants used in Operation Theatre?

Aldehydes are the most commonly used agents for high level disinfection of the theater environment. Formaldehyde is the commonly used agent. Formaldehyde gas is generated from liquid formalin utilizing potassium permanganate crystals. 40% formalin liquid is added to potassium permanganate crystals to generate gas.

What is the principle of autoclave?

The autoclave works on the principle of moist heat sterilization where steam under pressure is used to sterilize the material present inside the chamber. The high pressure increases the boiling point of water and thus helps achieve a higher temperature for sterilization.

What are methods of sterilization?

Sterilization can be achieved by a combination of heat, chemicals, irradiation, high pressure and filtration like steam under pressure, dry heat, ultraviolet radiation, gas vapor sterilants, chlorine dioxide gas etc.

What ISO Class is an operating room?

Category 4 For operating rooms, that is Category 4 which is 10,000 particle/per cubic meter of air of 0.1 microns or larger (Table ISO 14644-1). (Note: the ISO 14644 Standard has replaced Federal Standard 209E).

What is a Jackson table?

The Jackson table is a precise and stable table with interchangable tops for spinal surgeries, orthopedic and trauma procedures, and imaging. The Spinal surgery top of the jackson table features an open frame designs for posterior spinal surgeires.

What is a Level 3 operating room?

Level 3. Moderate to significantly invasive procedure. Blood loss potential 500-1,500 cc. Moderate risk to patient independent of anesthesia.