What is Brassica napus used for?

Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), or Canola, is used in the production of oil and livestock feed. The oil is extracted from the seed, and is used as both a foodstuff and in products such as candles, lipsticks, industrial lubricants, etc. The remaining rapeseed meal is then used as a high-quality animal feed.

What is the common name of Brassica napus?

2.4 Common name(s) Brassica napus and its forms, subspecies and varieties are commonly known in English as annual rape, Argentine canola, canola, colza, Hanover-salad, oilseed rape, rape, rapeseed, rape kale, rutabaga, Siberian kale, summer rape, swede, Swede rape, Swedish turnip and winter rape (Gulden et al.

Are Brassica napus leaves edible?

It is primarily grown as a commercial crop (1) for production of vegetable oil (rapeseed oil) from its seeds, (2) for production of biodiesel from rapeseed oil, (3) for its young edible leaves or (4) as forage for livestock. … Brassica napus (Pabularia Group) is grown for edible kale-like salad greens.

What is the meaning of Brassica napus?

1. Brassica napus – Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop. colza, rape. Brassica, genus Brassica – mustards: cabbages; cauliflowers; turnips; etc. mustard – any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica.

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Where does Brassica napus grow?

Brassica napus – L.

Common Name Colza, Rape
Habitats Banks of streams, ditches and arable fields in Britain[17].
Range Europe – Mediterranean. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating (3 of 5)
Other Uses (0 of 5)

Where did rapeseeds originate?

Rapeseed was first introduced into Canada from Poland in 1936. Because of oil shortages during World War II, Brassica rapa seeds were tested for agronomic adaptation. At the same time, rapeseed (B. napus) seeds of Argentinean origin were obtained from the USA and grown under contract in the Province of Saskatchewan.

What is special about Brassica rapa?

Uses. Many butterflies, including the small white, feed from and pollinate the B. rapa flowers. The young leaves are considered an excellent leaf vegetable and can be eaten raw; older leaves are better cooked.

What is a colza plant used for?

rapeseed, (Brassica napus, variety napus), also called rape or colza, plant of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) grown for its seeds, which yield canola, or rapeseed, oil. Canola oil is variously used in cooking, as an ingredient in soap and margarine, and as a lamp fuel (colza oil).

What are the yellow fields in England?

Travelling up and down the railways and motorways of the UK in recent weeks, it seems like the surrounding fields are yellower than ever. The bright dandelion-yellow flowers of oilseed rape have been a familiar sight across farmland in spring across the country for years.

Are cabbages brassicas?

Brassica (/ˈbræsɪkə/) is a genus of plants in the cabbage and mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants. … Most are seasonal plants (annuals or biennials), but some are small shrubs.

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How much time is a fortnight?

14 days : a period of 14 days : two weeks They stayed with us for a fortnight.

Is canola and mustard same?

Do not plant mustard seed that is contaminated with wild mustard or canola seed. … How to Tell the Difference Between Mustard and Canola.

Canola (Brassica napus) Hairless and smooth
Brown or oriental mustard (Brassica juncea) Hairless and smooth
Yellow mustard (Sinapis alba) Pubescent with lots of small hairs on the stems and petioles.

Why is Brassica napus called rapeseed?

Etymology and taxonomy. The term rape derives from the Latin word for turnip, rapa or rapum, cognate with the Greek word rhapys. The species Brassica napus belongs to the flowering plant family Brassicaceae. Rapeseed is a subspecies with the autonym B.

What does brassicas mean in English?

Word forms: plural brassicas. countable noun [oft NOUN noun] Brassicas are vegetables such as cabbages, broccoli and turnips. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary.

Is Arugula a Brassica?

Arugula is a member of the Brassica, or Cruciferous, family. This classification includes mostly cruciferous vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower, and broccoli.

What does canola stand for?

Canola was originally a trademark name of the Rapeseed Association of Canada, and the name was a condensation of Can from Canada and OLA meaning Oil, low acid, but is now a generic term for edible varieties of rapeseed oil in North America and Australasia.

Is erucic acid bad for you?

In small doses, erucic acid is safe, but higher levels may be dangerous. Research in animals indicates that, over long periods, erucic acid may cause a heart condition called myocardial lipidosis.

What is rapeseed related to?

Introduction. Rapeseed, Brassica napus subspecies, napus, is a large winter or spring annual oil crop in the Brassica family and is also known as rape and oilseed rape, and for a specific group of cultivars, ‘canola’. Rapeseed is related to mustard, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and turnip.

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Why is canola oil so bad for you?

Aside from vitamins E and K, canola oil is not a good source of nutrients. Canola oil may contain small amounts of trans fats, which is harmful to health.

Can Brassica rapa self pollinate?

3 Mode of Pollination Brassica rapa is primarily a self-incompatible species, as are the other diploid brassicas, although some types of B. rapa, e.g., yellow sarson, are self-compatible.

Is Brassica rapa an invasive species?

field mustard: Brassica rapa (Capparales: Brassicaceae): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States.

How many varieties of Brassica rapa are there?

37 species Brassica is the second largest oilseed crop after soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in world oilseed production (FAO, 2010; Raymer, 2002). Of the 37 species in the Brassica genus, the 4 most widely cultivated species for oilseed and vegetables are Brassica rapa L., B.

What is colza Italy?

Colza oil, derived from the seeds of a forage crop of the mustard family, has been increasingly used as a cheap substitute for olive oil. The inhabitants of Italy have been cooking with olive oil for 3,000 years—they use little animal fat in cooking except in the. … Vegetable oils that are mixtures have been marketed.

What is Coloza?

1 : rape entry 3. 2 : rapeseed.

What is a colza lamp?

Learn about Colza Lamps Colza oil is a vegetable oil produced from rape seeds. … The Argand lamp was invented and patented in 1780 by Frenchman Aimé Argand (1750 – 1803). Because of the weight of the oil, the reservoir was mounted above the burner, and the wick was supplied with fuel by a gravity feed.