Table of Contents
What are the three biggest independent executive agencies?
List and describe the role of the three biggest independent executive agencies? …
- General service administration – Handles building supplies, and purchases.
- National science foundation – Science research.
- National aeronautics and space administration – Space travel.
What are the four basic types of agencies in the federal bureaucracy?
In the U.S. government, there are four general types: cabinet departments, independent executive agencies, regulatory agencies, and government corporations.
What is the merit system AP Gov?
Merit system A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Agency that administers civil service laws, rules, and regulations.
What are the three elements of regulation?
These core regulatory componentsregulator, target, command, and consequencesaffect the incentives and flexibility that a regulation provides. Regulated businesses will have maximal flexibility when the regulator is the industry itself.
What are the 5 independent agencies?
Major Independent Agencies
- Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) …
- U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. …
- Consumer Product Safety Commission. …
- Corporation for National and Community Service. …
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) …
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) …
- Farm Credit Administration (FCA)
What are the 3 types of independent agencies?
There are three main types of independent agencies: independent executive agencies, independent regulatory commissions, and government corporations.
What is the highest layer of bureaucracy?
The cabinet departments, the largest administrative units in the federal bureaucracy, have responsibility for broad areas of government operations such as foreign policy (Department of State) and law enforcement (Department of Justice).
What are the 3 models of bureaucracy?
Models of Bureaucracy
- The Weberian Model. …
- The Acquisitive Model. …
- The Monopolistic Model. …
- Cabinet Departments. …
- Independent Executive Agencies and Regulatory Agencies. …
- Government Corporations.
What are the four main functions of bureaucracy?
Bureaucracies have four key characteristics: a clear hierarchy, specialization, a division of labor, and a set of formal rules, or standard operating procedures. America’s bureaucracy performs three primary functions to help the government run smoothly. It implements the laws and policies made by elected officials.
What are merit system principles?
Merit System Principle Recruit qualified individuals from all segments of society; conduct fair and open competition; select and advance employees based solely on merit. Treat employees and applicants fairly and equitably, with proper regard for their privacy and constitutional rights.
What is a merit based system?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The merit system is the process of promoting and hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job, rather than on their political connections. It is the opposite of the spoils system.
What is the Merit Systems?
The Merit System Principles are nine basic standards governing the management of the executive branch workforce. The principles are part of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, and can be found at 5 U.S.C. 2301(b).
What makes good regulation?
Regulation may be defined as the combination of organizations, rules, and sanctions that result in behaviors consistent with orderly markets, accountability, transparency and stability. … It is in that context that good regulation should be viewed as a driving force for reliable and high quality financial services.
Who are the three main players in an iron triangle?
The iron triangle is a mutually beneficial, three-way relationship between Congress, government bureaucrats, and special interest lobby groups. Each group does some action that will help the other group, creating a lasting and unbreakable bond between the three.
What are the elements of regulations?
The Four Key Elements of Regulations and Practices
- Rules. Employees and managers must understand what is and what is not acceptable behavior within the company. …
- Consequences. Any violations or misconduct may result in serious consequences. …
- Roles. …
- Tools. …
- Final Thoughts.
Which agencies are independent choose all that apply?
The agencies that are independent, that is, that are not part of a federal cabinet department, are: the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Federal Communications Commission.
What branch declares war?
The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.
Is the CIA an independent agency?
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an independent federal agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to our nation’s policymakers. … Although the CIA is operated as an independent federal agency, Congress and the executive branch oversee the activities and monitoring programs of the CIA.
What are the three main powers given to agencies?
Usually, the agency will have all three kinds of power: executive, legislative, and judicial. (That is, the agency can set the rules that business must comply with, can investigate and prosecute those businesses, and can hold administrative hearings for violations of those rules.
What is an example of an independent agency?
Examples of Independent Agencies are the ICC, FCC, NLRB, and NRC. The National Labor Relations Board, the FEC, the FTC, the Federal Reserve Board, and the FCC. … Though insulated from presidential control, most independent agencies serve the executive function of enforcing laws.
Is FDA an independent agency?
An independent regulatory agency is separate from the other branches of the federal government. … Food and Drug Administration Regulations: The FDA sets regulations governing which drugs can be distributed over the counter and which require a prescription based on an expert evaluation of the drug’s effects.
What is called federalism?
Overview. Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. … Both the national government and the smaller political subdivisions have the power to make laws and both have a certain level of autonomy from each other.
What are examples of bureaucracy?
Examples of bureaucracies can be found everywhere. State departments of motor vehicles, health maintenance organizations (HMOs), financial lending organizations like savings and loans, and insurance companies are all bureaucracies that many people deal with regularly.
Why does bureaucracy exist?
Why do bureaucracies exist and why are they needed? … Bureaucracies are created in government to carry out a broad range of tasks, to provide necessary services, and to act as experts in particular areas of policy.
What is Weber’s theory of bureaucracy?
According to the bureaucratic theory of Max Weber, bureaucracy is the basis for the systematic formation of any organisation and is designed to ensure efficiency and economic effectiveness. It is an ideal model for management and its administration to bring an organisation’s power structure into focus.
What are the two types of bureaucracy?
Two types of bureaucracy: Enabling and coercive.
Which describes the ideal bureaucracy?
In its ideal form, bureaucracy is impersonal and rational and based on rules rather than ties of kinship, friendship, or patrimonial or charismatic authority. Bureaucratic organization can be found in both public and private institutions.
How old are bureaucracies?
Bureaucracy is not a modern invention; it was conceived by the Egyptians over 5,000 years ago. The creation of a bureaucracy in the Old Kingdom was a key factor in the inception of the Egyptian civilization.
What is the main function of bureaucracy?
The federal bureaucracy performs three primary tasks in government: implementation, administration, and regulation. When Congress passes a law, it sets down guidelines to carry out the new policies. Actually putting these policies into practice is known as implementation.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of a bureaucracy?
Advantages & Disadvantages of Bureaucratic Organizational…
- Advantages of a Bureaucratic Structure. …
- Advantage: Accountability. …
- Advantage: Job Security. …
- Advantage: Equal Chances to Succeed. …
- Disadvantages of a Bureaucratic Structure. …
- Disadvantage: Reduced Productivity and Innovation.